脳死論争で臓器移植はどうなるか

出版社: 篠原出版新社
著者:
発行日: 2010-05-27
分野: 臨床医学:外科  >  移植/人工臓器
ISBN: 9784884123505
電子書籍版: 2010-05-27 (第1版第1刷)
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本書は2008年12月公表された生命倫理に関する米大統領評議会白書“Controversies in the Determination of Death”の全訳である。

目次

  • 表紙
  • 目次
  • 米国大統領への書簡
  • 生命倫理に関する大統領評議会委員
  • 評議会事務局スタッフ
  • まえがき
  • 第1章 序論
  • I. 死の判定に対する神経学的基準の歴史
  • A. 人工呼吸器と死の判定の問題
  • B. "超昏睡状態 ( Coma Depasse )"
  • C. ハーバード委員会と大統領委員会
  • D. 現代の論争
  • II. 本レポートの目的と理論的根拠
  • A. 一般の人々の教育
  • B. 神経学的基準への異議の説明
  • C. 死の判定と臓器調達との複雑な関係の明確化
  • III. 本レポートの構成
  • 第2章 用語について
  • 第3章 全脳不全の臨床像と病態生理学
  • I. 健康時と脳損傷後の "生命機能"
  • A. 酸素の摂取と二酸化炭素の排出
  • B. 中枢神経系の役割と人工呼吸器による支持
  • C. 血液循環
  • D. 人工呼吸器による支持と死の判定
  • II. 全脳不全の診断
  • III. 全脳不全 : 病態生理学
  • IV. 全脳不全 : "健康" と "予後"
  • A. "肉体的健康"
  • B. "予後"
  • V. 全脳不全と植物状態
  • VI. 全脳不全 : 臨床像、病態生理学から哲学的議論まで
  • 第4章 哲学的議論
  • I. 第1の立場 : 今日の神経学的基準に対する確たる生物学的根拠はない
  • II. 第2の立場 : 今日の神経学的基準に対する確たる生物学的根拠がある
  • A. 統合体 ( または統一体 ) としての生体の仕事
  • B. 英国基準との比較
  • 第5章 政策と実施に対する将来的影響
  • I. 神経学的基準の否認 : 第1の立場の将来的影響
  • A. 死と "臓器提供適格性" との関連を断つこと
  • B. 心停止ドナーからのみの重要臓器摘出 ( controlled DCD : 操作的心停止後臓器提供 )
  • II. 神経学的基準の肯定 : 第2の立場の将来的影響
  • 第6章 心停止後臓器提供
  • I. 背景
  • II. 早急な死の宣告と "不可逆性" の問題
  • 第7章 死の判定の神経学的基準に関する評議会の議論の総括
  • 個人的文書
  • I. Alfonso Gomez - Lobo, Dr. Phil.
  • II. Gilbert C. Meilaender, Ph. D.
  • III. Edmund D. Pellegrino, M. D. 議長
  • 項目別参考文献
  • 訳者あとがき
  • 奥付

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この書籍の参考文献

参考文献のリンクは、リンク先の都合等により正しく表示されない場合がありますので、あらかじめご了承下さい。

本参考文献は電子書籍掲載内容を元にしております。

項目別参考文献

P.132 掲載の参考文献
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